What is HTML? | How Does HTML Work?

What is HTML? | How Does HTML Work? If you are interested in HTML and all the potential it offers for web development, you have come to the right place. Understanding what HTML is and how it works, HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is a standard markup language used to create web pages and web applications. 


The Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML, is a language used for creating and structuring websites. It is one of the most popular and widely used languages for creating and structuring the content of websites. 

What is HTML?

An HTML document is a markup language that is used to define various elements on a web page, such as headings, paragraphs, images, and links. It is a markup language that is used to create the structure and layout of web pages. HTML uses a system of tags and attributes to specify different elements within a webpage. The tags are enclosed in angle brackets, and they typically have an opening and closing tag.

Full Form of HTML

Hypertext Markup Language is the full form of HTML, as mentioned earlier. Hypertext refers to the way in which web pages are linked together, allowing users to navigate between pages by clicking on links. In HTML, markup refers to the way the different elements of the web page are defined by HTML tags. Language refers to the fact that HTML is a language used to develop websites.

How HTML Works?

Notepad or TextEdit can be used to create HTML documents. When a user visits a website, their web browser (such as Chrome, Firefox, or Safari) reads the HTML code and renders it into a web page that can be viewed and interacted with by the user. These files are then saved with the extension .html or .htm.

HTML Elements

The elements that comprise a web page are defined by tags enclosed in angle brackets. Some examples of common HTML elements include:

  • There are headings (h1, h2, h3, etc.) on the page.
  • The paragraphs (p) are included
  • The links are provided as an introduction
  • The images (IMG)
  • An array of lists (ul, ul, li)
  • Tables (table, table row, table column)
  • The use of forms (form, input, select, textarea)

HTML Attributes

It is possible to add attributes to an HTML element in the following way: attribute=”value”. HTML attributes provide additional information about an element. They are added to the opening tag of the element, as follows: attribute=”value”.

  • The href attribute is used to define the link associated with the tag.
  • An image’s source is specified by the src attribute (used in conjunction with the IMG tag).
  • An image’s alt attribute provides alternative text when used with the IMG tag.
  • The id of an element on a web page is used to uniquely identify it
  • A class is a method of grouping elements together for the purpose of styling.

Semantic HTML

A semantic HTML page is a kind of HTML that gives meaning to the structure of a web page’s content. The code is more readable and understandable for both humans and machines because semantic elements such as header, article, and footer replace generic tags such as div and span.

Instead of using a div with a class of “header”, an h1 tag can be used to indicate the main heading of the page, making it clear to both the developer and the search engine what the element is intended to accomplish.

Semantic HTML also benefits search engines in that it facilitates the understanding of the content on a web page, which allows them to provide better search results.

HTML Frameworks

It is a pre-prepared library that enables the use of HTML/CSS/JavaScript technologies to create more user-friendly and standards-compliant websites. Frameworks like these are often designed to facilitate the development process and simplify the creation of consistent designs by offering grid systems to create page layouts, predesigned UI elements, and other features. There are several popular HTML frameworks, including Bootstrap, Foundation, and Bulma.


1.How can I learn HTML?

It is possible to learn HTML through a variety of methods, including online tutorials, reading books, and attending coding courses. It is best to practice HTML by creating your own web pages. You can start with simple pages and move on to more complex ones as you progress. Online resources and tutorials are also available to assist you in learning HTML.

2.Can I use any text editor to create HTML pages?

HTML pages can be created with any text editor. A number of text editors, however, have been specifically developed to assist in web development and offer features such as syntax highlighting code completion, and debugging tools to facilitate the development process. Sublime Text, Atom, and Visual Studio Code are examples of such text editors.


The Hypertext Markup Language is a tool that is essential to creating and structuring content on the World Wide Web. It is the foundation of the modern web and is an effective tool for developers to create compelling, interactive web experiences.

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